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6 Common Causes of Masonry Damage

delprete masonry causes of masonry damage

Learn more about the causes of masonry damage to look out for.

Masonry structures are always a popular choice in residential and commercial construction. The materials and technology used in brick and stone masonry contribute to the strength, durability, energy efficiency, fire resistance, soundproofing, and style of each building. However, despite these advantages, masonry is vulnerable to specific kinds of damage that can weaken the structure and the accompanying benefits. DelPrete Masonry can help you prevent and treat the following common causes of masonry damage. 

Moisture Penetration

The most significant threat to masonry is moisture. Walls exposed to the outdoors can easily absorb water and compromise their structural integrity. Water leaking into a wall may also freeze and thaw, which exerts pressure on the entire structure. Water penetration is a threat to masonry materials as well as the other materials throughout the building, such as wood, metal, doors, and windows. When creating your masonry building, trust professionals who know how to provide appropriate moisture protection features. 


Cracks are one of the common causes of masonry damage because they can lead to more cracks and moisture penetration. The cracks can occur when the building settles or because of moisture. Poor preparation of mortar can also lead to cracks in the joints. 

Staining on Exterior Walls

Staining can be a costly problem for property owners who are conscious of the beautiful appearance of their stone or brick masonry building. Staining occurs when masonry materials or mortar come into frequent contact with the elements. Staining can also indicate more masonry damage, like water seepage. 

Failed Bonds

Bricks and stones must stay intact to guarantee the strength of a masonry building. However, failed bonds and adhesion between these materials are common causes of masonry damage. This failure leads to bulging or peeling, hollow patches, and flaking layers. 

Displacement of Materials

Displacement is a structural problem due to steel system corrosion, inadequate anchors, or freezing/thawing cycles. Displacement results in the shifting of the brick or stone materials, which poses a risk to the safety and structural integrity of the building. 


When bricks or stones fall from the masonry wall, this is spalling. Spalling is caused by moisture penetration, freezing, and thawing over a long time. This can also happen due to structural stress on the wall. 

By understanding the common causes of masonry damage, you can take steps to ensure that your building avoids potential problems. The masonry experts at DelPrete Masonry can construct a building designed to withstand the conditions that leave your building vulnerable. 


Whether you are ready to start your next masonry project or are still hesitant and have questions, Del Prete Masonry is here to help. We have the experience and expertise to get it right the first time. Questions? Want to visit some of our residential or commercial projects? Ready to set up a consultation? Feel free to give us a call at 410-683-0650 or visit us online. We are happy to serve Baltimore City and County, Harford County, Carroll County, Anne Arundel County, and Howard County. To see examples of our work and to keep up with our new and exciting projects, be sure to follow us on Facebook, Twitter, and Pinterest.

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